Immunization is done through various techniques, most commonly vaccination. Vaccines against microorganisms that cause diseases can prepare the body's immune system, thus helping to fight or prevent an infection.
Vaccination is one of the best ways parents can protect infants, children and teens from 16 potentially harmful diseases. Vaccine-preventable diseases can be very serious, may require hospitalization, or even be deadly – especially in infants and young children.
You may need other vaccines based on your age, health conditions, job, lifestyle, or travel habits. Learn more about what other vaccines may be recommended for you and talk to your healthcare professional about which vaccines are right for you.
Vaccination is one pregnancy milestone among many. Find out how flu and whooping cough vaccines fit into the journey of motherhood.
Our Health Care expert aspired to reduce, eliminate the spread of communicable diseases, and to strengthen immune system for a worry free healthy living.
Our team are very open and willing to contribute their knowledge and expertise. Learn about protecting your child from infectious diseases, vaccine requirements for day care and school. Get vaccines you need which are determined by your age, lifestyle, health conditions, job, and international travel. Learn how staying up to date on your vaccinations is all part of a healthy pregnancy.
Shots may hurt a little, but the diseases they can prevent are a lot worse. Some are even life-threatening. Immunization shots, or vaccinations, are essential. They protect against things like measles, mumps, rubella, hepatitis B, polio, tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (whooping cough). Immunizations are important for adults as well as children.
Your immune system helps your body fight germs by producing substances to combat them. Once it does, the immune system "remembers" the germ and can fight it again. Vaccines contain germs that have been killed or weakened. When given to a healthy person, the vaccine triggers the immune system to respond and thus build immunity.
Before vaccines, people became immune only by actually getting a disease and surviving it. Immunizations are an easier and less risky way to become immune.
We maximize health, prevent chronic disease, improve social and environmental living conditions, and promote full community participation, choice, health equity, and quality of life among individuals with disabilities of all ages thru highly emphasizing the awareness of disease and completing prevention and treatment courses remain essential components for reducing infectious disease transmission.
Out team extremely promote immunization which is an essential tool to fight against newly emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. And other important defences against infectious diseases include:
* Proper use of vaccines
* Screening and testing guidelines
* Scientific improvements in the diagnosis of infectious disease-related health concerns
* Understanding Immunization and Infectious Diseases
You Must Know
Vaccines are among the most cost-effective clinical preventive services and are a core component of any preventive services package. Childhood immunization programs provide a very high return on investment. For example, for each birth cohort vaccinated with the routine immunization schedule (this includes DTap, Td, Hib, Polio, MMR, Hep B, and varicella vaccines), society:
Whether you are pregnant, planning a pregnancy, or just had a baby, there are vaccines you may need to protect yourself and your baby. Some vaccine-preventable diseases can be deadly, and there are often outbreaks of disease in the United States. Learn how vaccines can help keep you and your baby safe from infection.
Which Vaccinations Do I Need?
So which vaccines should you be getting? We now recommend a knowledge and vaccination against the following:
- Infections and Pregnancy
- Breastfeeding (how it can help)
- Childhood Immunization
- Flu Shot (influenza)
- Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis Vaccines
- Flu Shot
- Haemophilus Infections
- Hepatitis A and B
- Measles, mumps, rubella (the MMR vaccine)
- Polio and Post-Polio Syndrome
- Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis Vaccines - (called the Tdap vaccine)
- Whooping Cough
- meningococcal disease (e.g., meningitis)
- Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
- Varicella (chickenpox) if you have not had the disease
Why Do I Need Shots?
Missing a shot may not seem like a bad thing nobody wakes up in the morning thinking they'd love to go out and get a jab in the arm. But there are good reasons to get shots:
One little "ouch" moment protects you from some major health problems. For example, older teens and adults who get diseases like mumps may be at risk for side effects of the illness, such as infertility (the inability to have children).
Vaccinations are about protecting you in the future, not just as a kid. Many of the diseases that we are vaccinated against when we're kids — like hepatitis B or tetanus — actually affect more adults than kids. Plus, anyone can get "kid diseases" like chickenpox, and they can be far more dangerous to teens and adults than they are to little kids.
Shots could even save your life. Hepatitis B attacks the liver and can eventually kill. The HPV vaccine can protect against several types of cancer. And scientists are constantly working on new vaccines against deadly diseases like HIV.
The good news is you can still get a shot if you've missed it.If you've missed some shots in a series of vaccines, you don't need to get the whole series again — you can simply pick up where you left off.
Some people may need more vaccines than the ones listed above. For example, people with diseases that affect their immune system (like diabetes, HIV infection, or cancer) should get a pneumococcal vaccine. People who travel abroad may need to get special immunizations, depending on which country they'll be in. Since vaccines can take a while to start working, ask your doctor well in advance which immunizations you'll need. If you're pregnant, ask your doctor if there are any vaccines you should get.
How Do I Find Out If I've had the Right Vaccinations?
Ask a parent to contact your pediatrician or family doctor so he or she can check your health records.
If you've already had a disease like chickenpox, you won't need the vaccine. And if it turns out you missed one or more of the required immunizations, you can still get them from your doctor it's never too late. After getting a vaccination, it generally takes 10 days to 2 weeks for the body to build up immunity to a disease.
Once you have a certificate from your doctor that you've had all your shots, keep it filed away so you can find it easily later. If you plan to go to college, you will need to show proof that you've had a condition or been immunized. Some jobs also require proof of immunization for example, if you are working or volunteering in a hospital.
Since some teens may have missed getting certain shots, this is one of those times when you need to take charge of your health: Bring up the subject of immunization when you see your doctor and ask if you've had all the recommended vaccinations (not easy, we know but necessary!).
Are Vaccinations Safe?
Like any medicine, vaccines may cause side effects, but receiving one is far safer than getting the disease it prevents. The most common reactions include soreness, redness, and swelling in the area of the shot or a low-grade fever. Usually acetaminophen or ibuprofen will take care of these side effects.
It's rare to have any kind of bad reaction to a vaccine. If you've had reactions to vaccines in the past, let your doctor know. Before getting a vaccine, discuss any concerns that you have about it with your doctor.