Chemical skin peels are popular and effective skin rejuvenation treatment. There are a wide variety of skin peels available which can be used to treat many skin problems and conditions.
How do they work?
Skin peels contain different chemical ingredients which when applied to skin, results in exfoliation. Exfoliation removes dead skin cells, blocked pores and excess oil to reveal a new surface of fresh skin cells to give a balanced, revitalised complexion.
Depending of the active chemical ingredient used different layers of the skin can be penetrated. Mild exfoliation targets very superficial layer of the skin, the epidermis, medium exfoliation penetrates to the mid dermis, whilst deep exfoliation reaches the deep dermis.
What can skin peels treat?
Skin peels are an effective cosmetic treatment for:
- Mild lines and wrinkles
- Mild acne scars
- Skin pigmentation
- Uneven skin tone
- Blocked pores and stubborn blackheads
- Reduce excessive oil production temporarily
Types of skin peels
How? Targets the most superficial layer of the skin, the epidermis.
Active ingredients – Glycolic acid (AHA)
Salicylic acid (BHA)
Low strength TCA (Trichloroacetic acid)
What does it treat?
- Mild lines and wrinkles
- Mild skin hyperpigmentation
- Mild acne scarring
- Acne active – reduces blackheads, helps to unblock pores and temporarily reduce excessive oil production.
- Mild sun damage
For optimal results – course of skin peels combined with microdermabrasion.
- Very rare
- Mild tingling/stinging during and after the treatment.
- Hyperpigmentation can occur. To reduce this problem, it essential to avoid the sun and wear sunscreen daily.
Medium skin peels
When applied to the skin a medium strength peel penetrates down through the epidermis to reach the top layer of the dermis, known as the papillary dermis.
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA). TCA is a stronger peeling agent. It commonly used in concentrations up to 35%, or in combination with glycolic acid to minimise the risk of side effects.
What do medium skin peels treat?
- Moderate lines and wrinkles
- Deeper scars
- Pigmentation problems
Deep skin peels
Deep skin peels use phenol which is a strong chemical which penetrates down to the dermis, the deepest layer of the skin.
This peel must be performed by a medically trained person, in a clinical area with heart monitoring as phenol can very occasionally cause irregular heartbeats.
What do deep skin peels treat?
- Deep lines and wrinkles
- Sun damage
- Deep scars.
Here at Kings Medical Center we also use Fruit peeling, visit and get a free consultation.